AIDS (HIV)

AIDS (HIV)

Male 126 cases, Female 26 cases

 

Chinese 105 cases, Non-Chinese 36 cases, Unknown 11 cases

 

New cases of homosexual contacts were 1.6 times more than that of heterosexual contacts.

What is AIDS?

AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) is a spectrum of conditions caused by Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection. HIV attacks and destroys CD4 cells, the disease-fighting cells of the immune system. As the immune system is seriously damaged, the infected person is more vulnerable to certain cancers and a wide range of infections.

1. Sexual Transmission

HIV is primarily found in the blood, semen, or vaginal fluid of an infected person. The most common ways that HIV is transmitted from one person to another are by having sex (vaginal, oral, or anal) with an HIV-infected person without protection.

2. Blood Transmission

HIV can be transmitted through contaminated blood or blood products, and by sharing needles, syringes or injection equipment with an injecting drug user who is infected with HIV.

3. Mother-to-Child Transmission

HIV can be spread from HIV-infected women to their babies before or during birth, or through breast-feeding after birth (15-40%).

How do I know if I have HIV?

In order to find out if you have been infected with HIV, you need to have a blood test for HIV antibodies. Rapid test is common and available to public today. You can get your result after 15 min and do not need any lab instruments.

 

If your result indicates Positive, you MUST consult a healthcare professional who will confirm your result.

How many stages will I experience after HIV infection?

1. Acute HIV infection

Acute HIV infection is the earliest stage of HIV infection, and it generally develops within 2 to 4 weeks after infection with HIV. During this time, some people have flu-like symptoms, such as fever, headache, and rash.

2. Chronic HIV infection

The second stage of HIV infection is chronic HIV infection. During this stage, HIV continues to multiply in the body but at very low levels. People with chronic HIV infection may not have any HIV-related symptoms. Without antiretroviral therapy, chronic HIV infection usually advances to AIDS in 10 years or longer.

3. AIDS

AIDS is the most severe phase of HIV infection. People with AIDS have such badly damaged immune systems that they get an increasing number of severe illnesses, called opportunistic illnesses.

How to prevent?

1. Safe sexual behavior

Maintaining a mutually monogamous relationship can reduce but not eliminate the risk of HIV infection. Proper and consistent use of a condom.

2. Do not share needles

Do not share needles, syringes or any other injecting equipment.

3. Be careful with the wound

Do not touch the blood or the wound directly.

4. Infected mothers adopt proper treatment

For pregnant women or women planning to be, get tested for HIV as soon as possible. Drug treatments are available to reduce the chance of passing HIV to the baby.